Montcalm, Louis Joseph, Marquis de

Montcalm, Louis Joseph, Marquis de
   WM Seigneur de Saint Véran, his appointment as commander-in-chief in New France, 1; his friendship with Chevalier de Lévis, 3; birth and descent of, 3; education, 4; enters the army, 4; returns to Candiac, his birthplace, 5; his marriage, 5; colonel of Auxerrois Regiment, 6; promoted to be brigadier, 7; major-general with command of troops in North America, 7; character of, 11; his expedition sails from Brest, 12; lands at Cap Tourmente, 12; greatly interested in Quebec, 15; goes to Montreal to meet Vaudreuil, 27; king's instructions made him subordinate to Vaudreuil, 28; places troops of Fort Carillon under charge of Lévis, 32; goes to Fort Frontenac, 34; captures Oswego, 34; erects a cross in commemoration of the event, 35; calls a general assembly of the Indian warriors, 40-42; vainly endeavours to arrest massacre at Fort William Henry, 50; destroys the fort, 51; reports to home government destitute condition of country and army, 53; his victory at Fort Carillon, 54-61; erects cross with Latin inscription, 61; inveterate hatred between him and Vaudreuil, 62; returning to Quebec, finds nothing in readiness, 79; summons meeting of naval men, 80; speaks of Vaudreuil as playing the general, 83; promoted to rank of lieutenant-general, 84; sarcastic entries in his journal, 87; makes manor of De Salaberry at Beauport his headquarters, 94; his military prudence, 96; little confidence in fireships, 98; prepares for an attack on Beauport side, 104; consults Lévis as to concentration of their forces, 106; not anxious to dislodge British from left bank of Montmorency, 119; gains battle at the Montmorency River, 138-141; accuses English of scalping, 150; despondent, 151; letter to Bourlamaque, 157; rearranges his forces, 159; thought cliff above Quebec inaccessible, 160; writes to Lévis expressing desire to have him near, 165; despondent but determined to hold out, 173; completely deceived by feint made by British at Beauport, 174; his anxiety respecting boats bringing provisions, 175; learns that the British have gained the heights, 187, 188; sends forward troops and immediately follows, 188; orders all remaining troops forward, 190; disregards Vaudreuil's request not to precipitate engagement, 193; his action severely criticized, 193, 194; encourages his troops, 196; mortally wounded, 201; consulted by Vaudreuil as to best course to pursue, 212; carried into house of Dr. Arnoux, 218; his message to Townshend, 219; death and burial, 220, 221; forgotten in France, remembered and honoured in Canada, 239. P Causes of his defeat at Quebec, 143. Hd At Carillon, 18; unable to take advantage of victory there, 22; destroys fort at Oswego, 25; a forged letter of, 49; his memory green with Canadians, 122; referred to in D'Estaing's appeal, 123.
   Bib.: Doughty, Siege of Quebec; Wood, The Fight for Canada; Parkman, Montcalm and Wolfe; Bradley, The Fight with France; Bonnechose, Montcalm et le Canada Français; Casgrain, Montcalm et Lévis; Martin, Le Marquis de Montcalm; Guérin, Montcalm; Manuscrits de Lévis, ed. by Casgrain, vols. 6 and 7.

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  • Montcalm de Saint-Véran, Louis Joseph, marquis de — (1712 1759)    general    Born in the Château de Candiac, near Nîmes, Louis Joseph, marquis de Montcalm de Saint Véran, as commander of French forces in canada in 1756, took several forts from the British (oswego, 1756; William Henry, 1757). He… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Montcalm, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Grozon, marquis de — ▪ French general born Feb. 28, 1712, Château de Candiac, Fr. died Sept. 14, 1759, Quebec       general who served as commander in chief of French forces in Canada (1756–59) during the Seven Years War, a worldwide struggle between Great Britain… …   Universalium

  • MONTCALM DE SAINT VÉRAN, LOUIS JOSEPH, MARQUIS DE —    born near Nîmes; entered the army early, and at forty four was field marshal and commander of the forces in Quebec against the English; the capture of Forts Oswego and William Henry and the defence of Ticonderoga were followed by the loss of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • Louis-Joseph de Montcalm — Naissance 28 février 1712 Au Château de Montcalm Vestricaujourd hui 30600 Vestric et Candiac Décès 14 septembre 1759 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis-Joseph de Montcalm — Gozon Louis Joseph de Montcalm Gozon, marquis de Saint Véran (* 12. Februar 1712 auf Château de Candiac, Frankreich; † 14. September 1759) war Kommandeur der französischen Armee in Kanada während des Franzosen und Indianerkriegs bzw …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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